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Мэшинист Питер

Имя кратко: Мэшинист П.
Имя на родном языке: Machinist Peter
Тип персоны: Зарубежные исследователи
Профессиональные интересы: Текстология, Исагогика, Всеобщая история, Экзегетика и герменевтика, Библейская археология, Ветхий Завет, Иудаизм
Конфессии: Иудаизм
Краткая биографическая справка:

Профессор еврейского и иных восточных языков Гарвардского университета.

Обучался на бакалавриате Гарвардского университета (тема работы: “The First Coins of Judah”), в магистратуре и докторантуре Йельского университета (тема докторской (PhD) диссертации: “The Epic of Tukulti-Ninurta I. A Study in Middle Assyrian Literature”).

Преподавал еврейский язык, ассирологию и ближневосточную историю в Connecticut College (1969), Йельском университете (1970-71), Case Western Reserve University (1971-77), Университете Аризоны (1977-86), Университете Мичигана (1986-90).

С 1991 г. преподает в Гарвардском университете. С 1992 г. - профессор. 

Области специализации: библейские исследования, древняя сиро-палестинская история, еврейский и иные восточные языки.

Библиография работ автора:


Provincial Governance in Middle Assyria and Some New Texts from Yale (fascicule of Assur 3/2 [Nov., 1982]).
Steven W. Cole and Peter Machinist, Letters from Priests to the Kings Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal (with Simo Parpola, Robert Whiting, and Karen Radner). (State Archives of Assyria vol. XIII; Helsinki, 1998)

“Leviathan,” Encyclopedia Judaica2, vol. 11 (1973), p. 89.
“Literature as Politics: The Tukulti-Ninurta Epic and the Bible,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 38 (1976), pp. 455-482.
with Norman Yoffee, “Bibliography of Jacob J. Finkelstein,” in Maria J. Ellis, et al.(eds.), Essays on the Ancient Near East in Memory of Jacob J. Finkelstein (Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences XIX, Dec., 1977), pp. 227-229.
“Assyrians and Hittites in the Late Bronze Age,” in J. Renger and H.-J. Nissen (eds.), Mesopotamien und seine Nachbarn (XXVe Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale). (Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1982), Band I, pp. 265-267.
“Rest and Violence in the Poem of Erra,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (1983), pp. 221-226.
“Assyria and Its Image in the First Isaiah,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 [1983], pp. 719-737.
“Assur; Assyria, Empire of; Azariah; Ebla; Sargon II; Ur,” in P.J. Achtemeier (ed.), Harper’s Bible Dictionary (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1985), pp. 77-78, 81, 234-236, 907-908, 1105-1107.
“On Self-Consciousness in Mesopotamia” (in S.N. Eisenstadt, ed., The Origins and Diversity of Axial Age Civilizations [Albany, 1986], pp. 183-202, 511-518).
“The Assyrians and Their Babylonian Problem: Some Reflections,” Jahrbuch des Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin 1984-85, pp. 353-364.
“Uber die Selbstbewusstheit in Mesopotamien,” in S.N. Eisenstadt (ed.), Kulturen der Achsenzeit. Ihre Ursprunge und ihre Vielfalt (Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1987), Teil I, pp. 258-291 (translation by Ruth Achlama and Gavriella Schalit of “On Self-Consciousness…” above).
“Comments in General Discussion,” in M. Heltzer and E. Lipinski (eds.), Society and Economy in the Eastern Mediterranean (c. 1500-1000 B.C.). (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 23). (Leuven: Peeters, 1988), pp. 371-372, 375-376, 380, 381.
“The Question of Distinctiveness in Ancient Israel: An Essay,” in M. Cogan and I. Eph’al (eds.,), Ah, Assyria…Studies in Assyrian History and Ancient Near Eastern Historiography Presented to Hayim Tadmor (Scripta Hierosolymitana
33). (Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1991), pp. 196-212. Reprinted in Frederick E.Greenspahn (ed..), Essential Papers on Israel and the Ancient Near East (New York: New York University Press, 1991), pp. 420-442.
Consultant to The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D.N. Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992), and author therein of: “Nimrod,” vol. 4, pp. 1116-1118.
“Palestine, Administration of (Assyro-Babylonian),” vol. 5, pp. 69-81.
with Hayim Tadmor, “Heavenly Wisdom,” in M. Cohen, D. Snell, and D.B. Weisberg (eds.), The Tablet and the Scroll. Near Eastern Studies in Honor of William W. Hallo (Bethesda: CDL Press, 1993), pp. 146-151.
“Hayim Tadmor,” Newsletter of the American Oriental Society 15 (April, 1993), pp. 4-5.
“Assyrians on Assyria in the First Millennium B.C.,” in K. Raaflaub (ed., ), Anfange politischen Denkens in der Antike (Schriften des Historischen Kollegs, Kolloquien 24). (Munich: Oldenbourg,1993], pp. 77-104.
“Outsiders or Insiders: The Biblical View of Emergent Israel and Its Contexts,” in L.J. Silberstein & R.L. Cohn ( eds.), The Other in Jewish Thought and History. Constructions of Jewish History and Identity (New York: New York University Press, 1994), pp. 35-60).
“The First Coins of Judah and Samaria: Numismatics and History in the Achaemenid and Early Hellenistic Periods,” in Heleen Sancisi-Weerdenburg, Amelie Kuhrt, and Margaret Cool Root (eds.), Achaemenid History VIII: Continuity and Change. Proceedings of the Last Achaemenid History Workshop. April 6-8, 1990 – Ann Arbor, Michigan (Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor Het Nabije Oosten, 1994), pp. 365-380.
“Fate, Miqreh, and Reason: Reflections on Qohelet and Biblical Thought,” in Ziony Zevit, Seymour Gitin, and Michael Sokoloff (eds.), Solving Riddles and Tying Knots. Biblical, Epigraphic, and Semitic Studies in Honor of Jonas C. Greenfield (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1995), pp. 159-175.
“The Transfer of Kingship: A Divine Turning,” in A. B.Beck, A.H. Bartelt, C.A. Franke, and P.R. Raabe (eds.), Fortunate the Eyes That See. Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1995), pp. 105-120.
“Hosea and the Ambiguity of Kingship in Ancient Israel,” in Chaim Stern and S. David Sperling (eds.), Signs of Democracy in the Bible (The Resnick Lectures of Temple Beth El of Northern Westchester, Chappaqua, N.Y., 1995), pp. 25-63.
Revision of “Assur; Assyria, Empire of; Ebla; Sargon II; and Ur,” in P.J. Achtemeier (ed.), The HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (revised ed.) (San Francisco: HarperSan Francisco, 1996), pp. 85, 85-86, 256-258, 973-974, 1185-1187.
“William Foxwell Albright: The Man and His Work,” in J.S. Cooper and G.M. Schwartz (eds.), The Study of the Ancient Near East in the 21st Century. The William Foxwell Albright Centennial Conference (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1996), pp. 385-403.
“The Fall of Assyria in Comparative Ancient Perspective,” in S. Parpola and R.M. Whiting (eds.), Assyria 1995. Proceedlings of the 10th Anniversary Symposium of the Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, Helsinki, September 7-11, 1995 (Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 1997), pp. 179-195).
“Job’s Daughters and Their Inheritance in the Testament of Job and Its Biblical Congeners,” in W.G. Dever and J.E. Wright (eds.), The Echoes of Many Texts…Essays in Honor of Lou H.Silberman (Brown Judaica Series). (Atlanta:
Scholars Press, 1997), pp. 67-80).
“Biblical Traditions: The Philistines and Israelite History,” in E.D. Oren (ed.), The Sea Peoples and Their World: A Reassessment (Philadelphia: University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, 2000), pp. 53-83).
“Nahum,” in James L. Mays (ed..), Harpers Bible Commentary (revised ed.) (San Francisco: HarperSan Francisco, 2000), pp. 665-667.
“A Man Called Moses,” Bible Review (April, 2000), pp. 18-19, 53 (revision of earlier publication in Harvard Divinity Bulletin).
“The Rab Shaqeh at the Wall of Jerusalem: Israelite Identity in the Face of the Assyrian ‘Other’,” Hebrew Studies 41 (2000), pp. 151-168.
“Mesopotamien in Eric Voegelins Ordnung und Geschichte,” in Eric Voegelin, Ordnung und Geschichte. Band I: Die kosmologischen Reiche des Alten Orients-Mesopotamien und Agypten, ed. Jan Assmann (Munich: Wilhelm Fink
Verlag, 2002), pp. 177-212 (translated from English by Michaela Rehm). Mesopotamia in Eric Voegelin’s Order and History. Occasional Papers XXVI of the Eric-Voegelin-Archiv,Universitat Munchen, 2001.(This is a slightly revised version of “Mesopotamien….”)
“Judische Uberlegungen zu Jesaja 52, 13-53,12,” in Klarungen 3 (Verein zur Forderung des Christlich-Judischen Gesprachs in der Evang.-Luth. Kirche in Bayern, Germany, 2002), pp. 16-26 (translated from English by Helmut Utzschneider).
“Ecclesiastes,” in Adele Berlin and Marc Brettler, eds., The Jewish Study Bible (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003), pp. 1603-1622.
“Mesopotamian Imperialism and Israelite Religion: A Case Study from the Second Isaiah,” in Symbiosis, Symbolism and the Power of the Past: Canaan, Ancient Israel and Their Neighbors. Centennial Symposium of the W.F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research and the American Schools of Oriental Research, eds., W.G. Dever and S. Gitin. (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2003), pp. 237-264.
“The Voice of the Historian in the Ancient Near Eastern and Mediterranean World,” Interpretation 57/2 (April, 2003), pp. 117-137.
“A Tribute to Hayim Tadmor,” in Amnon Ben-Tor, Israel Eph’al, and Peter Machinist, with Joseph Aviram, eds., Miriam and Hayim Tadmor Volume: Eretz Israel 27 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 2003), pp. ix-x (English)/
yod/gimel-yod/dalet (Hebrew).
“Order and Disorder: Some Mesopotamian Reflections,” in Shaul Shaked, ed., Genesis and Regeneration (Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, 2005), pp. 31-61.
“Hosea and the Ambiguity of Kingship in Ancient Israel,” in John T. Strong and Steven S. Tuell, eds., Constituting the Community: Studies on the Polity of Ancient Israel in Honor of S. Dean McBride, Jr. (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2005), pp. 153-181. (This is a revised and enlarged version of 1995 above.)
“Once More: Monotheism in Biblical Israel,” Journal of the Interdisciplinary Study of Monotheistic Religions 1 Special Issue (Kyoto, Japan: Doshisha University, 2005), pp. 155-183.
“Kingship and Divinity in Imperial Assyria, ” in Gary Beckman and Theodore J. Lewis, eds., Text, Artifact, and Image. Revealing Ancient Israelite Religion (Providence: Brown Judaic Studies vol. 346, 2006), pp. 152-188.
“Kingship and Divinity in Imperial Assyria,” in Johannes Renger, ed., Assur- Gott, Stadt und Land (5. Internationales Colloquiums der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft; Berlin, in press). This is a revised and abbreviated form of the preceding.
”Final Response: On the Study of the Ancients, Language, Writing, and the State,” in Seth Sanders, ed., Margins of Writing, Origins of Cultures (Oriental Institute Seminars, No. 2; Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2006), pp. 291-300.
“Foreword,” Hermann Gunkel, Creation and Chaos in the Primeval Era and the Eschaton. A Religio-Historical Study of Genesis 1 and Revelation 12, translated and with a preface by K. William Whitney, Jr. (Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2006), pp. xv-xx.
“Mendenhall, George Emery (1916-).,” in Donald McKim, ed., Dictionary of Major Biblical Interpreters (revised edition) (Westmont, IL: IVP Academic InterVarsity Press, 2007), pp. 721-728.
“’Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom.’ Some Reflections on Reading and Studying the Hebrew Bible,” in Frederick J. Greenspahn, ed., The Hebrew Bible. New Insights and Scholarship (New York: New York University Press, 2008),
pp. 209-218.
“The Road Not Taken. Wellhausen and Assyriology,” in Gershon Galil, Mark Geller, and Alan Millard, eds., Homeland and Exile. Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honour of Bustenay Oded (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 130; Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2009), pp. 469-531.
“Nineveh the Fallen. Reflections on Nahum the Prophet and Nahum the Book,” Report of the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, Academic Year 2008-2009 (Yarnton, 2009), pp. 140-142.
with Piotr Michalowski, “Introduction. William Hallo and Assyriological, Biblical, and Jewish Studies,” in William W. Hallo, The World’s Oldest Literature. Studies in Sumerian Belles-Lettres (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2009), pp. xxiii-xxxii.
“How Gods Die, Biblically and Otherwise. A Problem of Cosmic Restructuring,” in Beate Pongratz-Leisten, ed., Revolutionary Monotheism (tentative title) (Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, in publication).
"Das Tukulti-Ninurta Epos," in Reallexikon der Assyriologie (in press) (in English).

Контактная информация: machinis@fas.harvard.edu 617.495.0333; departmental assistant: 617.495.5757 Semitic Museum 301, 6 Divinity Avenue

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